I want to call it knowledges. You can’t call it knowledges. This shows the hegemony of [what the west considers] knowledge. This knowledge, in the singular, is the same knowledge that was taken away through the slave trade, colonialism and the occupation of the Americas.”

The peripheral space that African rites, traditions, attendant ceremonies, and knowledge systems occupy is a result of colonial assault. “If I understood Achille [Mbembe] properly, he was talking about knowledge systems that have been suppressed by colonialism… If we want to think about African futures, then we have to start looking at our knowledge systems. Research money should go into these knowledge systems,” Ndikung argued.